Munyatul Musolli 24th August 2008
Sujud Sahwi (continued).
Sujud sahwi is done only once (2 sujuds with 1 sitting in between). This is regardless the count of sunnah ab’ad being missed.
- State your intention (niat) to do sujud sahwi before actually performing it.
- Perform it after saying the salawat of the final tasyahhud, and before salam.
- Observe the rules as in doing regular sujud in solah.
- Recite “سُبْحَانَ مَنْ لاَ يَنَامُ وَلاَ يَسْهُو”. This is recommended (sunnah).
- The time passed since the 2nd salam is not too long.
- Behave as if you are back in solah. Give salam again after completing the sujud sahwi.
- If you do something that nullify solah during this time, the whole solah is considered null, and need to be redone completely.
Among the preferred arrangements before performing solah are:
- Azan and iqamah.
- Find a place that has enclosure like a wall or a pillar. Or a place fenced off by anything 2/3 of hasta (elbow length) in height. If not, spread a sajdah (prayer mat) or draw a line around you to show the boundary.
- Make sure that the enclosure or the line length is no longer than 3 hasta from your heel towards the qiblah.
- If you mark the boundary with a single pillar, take care not to be directly behind it, but a bit to the right, or bit to left.
The makruh (disliked) doings in solah are numerous, among them:
- Do not turn the head right and left.
- Do not turn the face skywards. This could lead to many diversions by syaitan.
- Do not cover the mouth with a piece of cloth or any other article. But it’s encouraged to cover the mouth with hand when yawning. This is in conjunction with a hadith that encourages so to prevent syaitan from entering the body.
- Do not tie the hair in knot, except for women.
- Do not spit while performing solah. If you really need to, then spit towards the left or under your feet, then cover the spit with earth. If you pray inside a masjid, you’re not allowed to spit at all so as to preserve cleanliness. In a hadith, spitting inside a masjid is unlawful.
- Do not clutch your hands on sides of the hips. This is specifically prevented in a hadith. It is a symbol of boastfulness and aggression. People do this in Hell - when being relieved from torture.
- When doing ruku’ do not overly lower the head such that it’s not even with the back.
- Do not pray while holding back urge to go to the toilet or pass wind. If you need to go, then put off solah until you relieve yourself.
- Do not pray while there’s tempting food or drinks in front. There’s a hadith: “ There’s no (complete) solah in front of food.
- Do not pray inside the bathroom, near a cliff-edge, in the middle of a public road, sewage-disposal, or places of idol-worship.
- Do not pray inside animal herding places. Do not pray near a non-muslim cemetery. If praying on a grave that has been exhumed, make sure there is a spread between you and ground because the earth is considered unclean and would nullify the solah.
- Do not solah inside a Christian church, Jewish synagogue, or idolater’s temple.
Ustaz Zakaria added:
- If you don’t state intention to do sujud sahwi before actually performing it, then your solah is batal.
- In case you forget to do sujud sahwi, re-enter solah and perform sujud sahwi, but make sure:
- Duration from salam to the time you re-enter solah is not too long.
- Nothing that could have nullified solah occurred between the salam and point you re-enter solah.
- After re-enter solah and performed sujud sahwi, you give salam again twice.
- If something happens that nullifies a solah before giving first set and second set of salams, the whole solah is considered batal and need to be redone completely.
- On the right ear of newly born babies (just softly).
- When starting a long journey.
- When stopping over at isolated places that might be occupied by syaitan or jinns.
- On the ears of a person possessed by syaitan or jinns.
- To halt advance of fire.
- When confronting enemy troops.
- When about to bury a janazah (deceased). However ulama differed on this verdict (khilaf).