Tuesday, September 30, 2008

Friday Solah (MM 21/9/08)

Munyatul Musolli 21st Sept 2008

Solah in Jama’ah (continued)
Solah in jama’ah is preferred over solah singly. All fardu solah is ranked as follows in the need for jama’ah:

  1. Solah Jumu’ah (Friday congregational solah) – compulsory to perform it in jama’ah.
  2. Subuh
  3. Isya’
  4. ‘Asr
  5. Zuhur
  6. Maghrib
Solah Jumu’ah (Friday)
It is bad enough if a Muslim miss a solah in jama’ah. It is even worse to miss Friday solah - the whole community should declare enmity towards the offender and burn down his house. This demand goes to show how immoral and appalling the offense is. It is a consensus among ulama that Friday solah is ‘fardu ain’ – obligatory on each Muslim, and skipping it is haram and sinful.

Nabi (saw) said:

من ترك ثلاث جمع من غير عذر طبع الله قلبه

Whoever misses 3 Friday solah without excuse, Allah will seal shut his heart.

Once Saidina ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas (ra) was asked:
A man who regularly stand up at night to pray and fast during the day, but attend netiher Jumu’ah nor jama’ah, what will happen to him?

He answered: His place is in Hell!

Moreover Nabi (Saw) said:

من ترك الجمعة ثلاثا من غير عذر فقد نبذ الاءسلام
وراء ظهره

Whoever misses out on Friday solah 3 times without excuse, really he has tossed
Islam behind his back.

Virtues of Friday
Make it known that to Allah, Friday is the noblest among all days of the week. Adam (as) was created on Friday and the end of the world will also be on Friday.

Friday is also the best day of the week that the sun set to rise. On Friday, 600,000 people in Hell are forgiven and let out. It is no surprise either that a Muslim who dies on Friday is recorded a martyr and he is safeguarded from trials in the grave.

We are encouraged to say a lot of salawat to Nabi (saw), and recite surah al-Kahf on Friday and the night preceding it.

It is sunnah to make intention (niat) for Friday when starting morning shower. Then go to the masjid early before solah, and listen carefully to the sermon (khutbah). Some folks intentionally delay Friday solah in waiting for the congregants to fill up the masjid. This is bid’ah (later-day innovation) and you should take care to avoid it.

The community leader has the obligation to force all muslims to attend Friday solah. Failure to attend should be made punishable by law. The enforcement is mandatory upon the leader, and shall not be taken half-heartedly. Friday solah is one of symbols of Islam, and enforcing it shows that religious duties should not be taken lightly.

If the authority take enformencent lightly, the sin of the offender is borne on him as well. This is for neglecting “amar ma’ruf wa nahyu ‘anil munkar” (Command people to do good and prevent them from doing evil).

Coming Late For Friday Solah
To qualify as having performed Friday Solah, a latecomer has to make sure he joins the jama'ah at least 1 full rak'ah. If he joins when the imam is doing ruku' of the 2nd rak'ah, then his Friday Solah is fulfilled. Of course after the imam gives salam, this latecomer must raise and perform 1 more rak'ah alone (taking care to recite loud because this is a Friday solah).
On the other hand, if the latecomer join the jama'ah when the imam has completed ruku' of the 2nd rak'ah, then he misses that Friday Solah. Once the imam gives salam, he should raise and perform 4 rak'ahs of zuhur (and recite silently).

Said Ustaz Zakaria:

  1. We Malays recite Yasin and tahlil on Thursday night taking advantage of Friday's special status, and in line with 600,000 people being relieved from Hellfire.
  2. Other surahs recommended recited on Friday: ad-Dukhan, al-Qiyamah etc.
  3. Those who die on Friday counted as 'syahid aakhirah', so we still wash them and give proper burial.
  4. Some masjids wait until khutbah, then start collecting donation from the congregants. This is not good practice as it spoils the reward Allah reserves for being attentive to khutbah.
  5. Friday shower is sunnah only to those having intention to attend solah Jumu'ah.
  6. A latecomer who is aware that he is too late to be counted as Friday solah can opt to state his niat (at takbiratul-ihram) as performing Zuhur.

Wallahu a'lam

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solat jumaat sembahyang juma'at

Thursday, September 25, 2008

Virtues of Iman (Part 3 of 3)

Virtues of Iman continued

This article adapted from Ustaz Zakaria's discourse night of 18 Ramadan 1429H between tarawihs. Based on a chapter of the book "Jaharul Mauhub" by Syaikh Wan Ali Kutan(rh)

Part 1 Part 2 Part 3
or download the whole article in Acrobat format here

Sharpen up Our Faith

It has been related that Nabi Muhammad (saw) said that in the beginning, faith is naked (al imanu ‘uryan), and fear of God is the clothes (wa libasu taqwa), and shyness is the decoration (wa zinahu ahya’), and the fruit is knowledge (wa tsamaratuhu ‘ilm).

We should learn tauhid, fiqh and tasawwuf in a proper way - with a kitab and through a knowledgeable syaikh. A kitab acts as a guide, and as reference once we alone at home. We also rely on the blessings (barakah) of the author, who are not just knowledgable, but also achieved status of friends of Allah (Waliyyullah). Ulama such as Syaikh Wan Daud al-Fatoni (rh - died 1847) has been famous even among his own contemporaries. Syaikh Daud wrote his kitaab (Munyatul Musolli etc) illuminated by special lights – those emanating from his fingers and his heart. There is definitely no room for us to belittle his works. The language he used might be difficult to understand, and modern interest in his works is minimal, but that is our generation’s fault, not his.

In another hadith, Rasulullah (saw) said that faith is in the chest of man. And faith is not complete unless we complete religious deeds, be it fardu (obligatory) or sunnah (recommended).

So never look down upon sunnah doings, because together with fardu they steer us towards faith. Once we renounce these two, then our iman would self-destruct.
Wearing turban is recommended to every muslim man, as Rasulullah (saw) wore one most of the time. If we find turban is unfashionable, then just keep quiet, don’t show objection to it. Another example of sunnah is carrying a walking stick when you are past forty.

All things that bring benefit can be given away as charity (sadaqah), and we get a divine reward for it. Giving away one kilogram of rice is beneficial to the receiving party, but giving away only one grain of rice is not.

Along this spirit, we can do tahlil sessions, and sadaqah the reward to the deceased muslims. This is the best we can do, since there is no way the dead can benefit if we give them material things. For many centuries, it has been common practice to supplicate for well being of the deceased among fellow muslims. At least all of us do once a week - such as done during Friday sermon.

It is already a loss that we skip sunnah deeds, it is even worse if we prohibit others from doing them.

Signs of Faith

Imam as-Suyuti (rh) in his kitab ‘Niqayah’ said there are 70 branches of faith. Other imam and ulama have different opinion, some say 64, 76, or 77 branches. The most important branch is the syahadatain (testify about Allah and His messenger). The least significant is getting rid of whatever that pose nuisance to people, such as moving away fallen branches from middle of the road. Menial work like this ensures reward from Allah and strengthens our iman.

There is a hadith: You do not have faith until you start to love your fellow Muslims like you love yourselves.

Never argue with others such that you break connections them. Some of us hate each others simply because we vote for opposing parties in the elections. Do not show enmity towards anybody just because their political ideology is not Islamic. Make friends with them and guide them little by little. Even with non-muslims, you should not declare enmity to ever one of them. Some are muahad, muawwaman, zimmi, and some are harbi. We have different obligations on them base on this classification.

In conclusion, we all should go to Islamic lessons because they give us proper guidance. Add to that the blessings of Allah descending upon such a gathering. Surely good things will come out of it.

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Virtues of Iman (Part 2 of 3)

Virtues of Iman continued

This article adapted from Ustaz Zakaria's discourse night of 18 Ramadan 1429H between tarawihs. Based on a chapter of the book "Jaharul Mauhub" by Syaikh Wan Ali Kutan(rh)

Part 1 Part 2 Part 3

or download the whole article in Acrobat format here

Types of Faith
In the kitab (book) Jauharul Mauhub by Syaikh Wan Ali Kutan, it is mentioned 3 types of faith (iman) that we see among the believers:

A person labeled with ‘iman taqlid’ means he is a follower. He believes in God simply because everybody else does. He cannot justify his belief with proofs. We can break down iman taqlid into 2 categories:
  1. Taqlid with jazmi – a follower, but a convinced one. If we ask Him about God, he concurs, but if we prod him to supply proof about God, he is not able to. He is convinced that God exists because that is what he has been taught. Some ulama maintain that this person is a believer, but he remains a sinner until he starts to learn about God.
  2. Taqlid without jazmi – a follower, and not 100% convinced with God. This person is not fit to be considered a Muslim.
This person, without question is a believer. He believes in God and knows how to justify God. If we have conversation with him:
Q: Do you believe that God exists? Prove it?
A: Yes I do. There is this world, so there must be God.
Q: How you relate that?
A: Because the world is new. Everything new must be created, hence a Creator.
Q: What made you say the world is new?
A: Because it keeps changing. When something changes, it turns new.

This type of faith is where we common folks want to achieve. We want to know the twenty sifaat (attributes) of Allah (even though Allah has more than 20 sifaat). It is a shame that some ignorant ustaz discourage us from learning this subject for fear of innovation (bid’ah). These ignorant pretenders do not have a place among us – Ahlu Sunnah wal Jama’ah - and we should chase them away if they come to teach us about Islam.

This type of faith is the ultimate. The heart is immersed in iman due to the experience (zauq) with God. If you want to achieve this level, train your heart with special wirid (besides other deeds).

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Virtues of Iman (Part 1 of 3)

This article adapted from Ustaz Zakaria's discourse night of 18 Ramadan 1429H between tarawihs.
Based on a chapter of the book "Jaharul Mauhub" by Syaikh Wan Ali Kutan (rh)

Part 1 Part 2 Part 3

or download the whole article in Acrobat format here

The Virtues of Faith

Iman (faith) is the root of Islam. To learn Islam, it is of the utmost importance to get to know about iman first.

As Allah mentioned in the Quran (al-Baqarah:25) :

وَبَشِّرَ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْوَعَمِلُواْالصَّٰلِحَٰتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّٰتٍ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَاالاْءَنْهَٰر

Give good news O Muhammad to those who are faithful and who perform good, that
for them Gardens through which rivers flow

Allah has promised the gardens (jannah) to those obedient to Him. Gardens by themselves are already beautiful; what more, they are decorated with flowing rivers.

What significant here is that Allah mentioned the reward ‘to the faithful’ first, and ‘those who perform good deeds’ second. Throughout Islamic methodologies, the higher ranked point is always mentioned first.

Among the good deeds prescribed in Islam are solah, fasting, reciting zikir, sending salawat to Rasulullah (saw), reading al-Quran and giving in charity. Deeds - no matter how virtuous - performed by unbeliever are rejected! Therefore a muslim should always safeguard his faith.

Islamic ‘Pillars of Faith’ consists of 6 basic articles that offshoot into many more. The most important article is belief in God. One has to know God and be convinced about Him. Mere believing, but having doubts in one’s heart - about some aspects of God - does not count.. Ulama say you should know God with 3 conditions:

الجزم الموافق ل الحق عن دليل

Which means :
Al-jazam : You have a true conviction
Muafiq lil-haqqi : Truth of which of consensus (among scholars of Islam)
‘an dalili – Substantiated by proof (logic as well as from al-Quran and ahadith).

As in any education, to know something and be convinced, one has to attend proper learning. Simply listening to hearsay will not lead to faith. Ulama have prescribed learning at least 3 disciplines of Islamic knowledge:
Tauhid – also known as faith, belief or creed
Fiqh – a.k.a. jurisprudence or law
Tasawwuf – a.k.a. purification of the heart

If we take care to learn atleast all these three, Insya Allah we will be taken care of in the afterlife. If we have not, we will encounter difficulties. Do not be misled by your worldly achievement. Do not regret after you are already a few feet underground, and weighed down by the 2 tombstones. There is no way to climb up and go seek knowledge then.

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Wednesday, September 17, 2008

Solah in Jama’ah (MM 13/9/08)

Munyatul Musolli 13th Sept 2008

Virtues of Solah in Jama’ah (continued)
Solah in a jama’ah is like a rope or lifeline that we should hold on to. Allah the Most High has said so in the Quran:

وَاعتَصِمُوا بِحَبلِ اْللّٰهِ جَمِيعًا

A person who ignores jama’ah on purpose has committed a great mischief to his religion. This shows his dislike in provisioning for the akhirah (afterlife). If he continues belittling jama’ah, Allah considers him a ‘munafiq’.

If you cannot avoid skipping jama’ah in the masjid due to illness or urgent business, then it is compulsory that you perform solah at home with your children, wife or your servant.

Allah gives even more bonus for a solah jama’ah:

  1. Relative to the size of congregation.
  2. Bonus if the jama’ah is led by a pious imam.
  3. For every footsteps taken to go to the masjid, Allah gives 10 reward and erases 10 vice (as we gather from several ahadith).
  4. Sitting idle int he masjid waiting for the next solah is rewarded as if one performs a solah.
  5. The angels plea forgiveness on behalf of a person remain sitting after completing a solah. They continue pleading to Allah until the person voids his hadas or starts talking something inappropriate.
  6. Extra points for performing solah in the first row.
  7. Extra points for filling up the front rows before starting the next rows.
  8. Extra points for making sure the heels are aligned straight.

Said Ustaz Zakaria:

  • We should invite people over for the weekly halaqah zikir so that our community becomes strong.
  • A person who is strong in faith will be unwavering in establishing his religion. A person with weak faith get swayed over with money or wealth.
  • Better get used to pray behind an imam, before the imam prays behind you (solah janazah).
  • We should imitate the tabligh folks in inviting people to come to jama'ah.
  • There is a special wirid after Friday jama'ah called 'Aurad Madaniah' or 'Aurad Qasasiah' named after Syaikh Ahmad Qasasi. Ahmad Qasasi was the syaikh of Syaikh 'Abdul Rauf Fansuri. People of Madinah used to recite this every week in Masjid Nabawi. The foreigners who invaded Madinah later put a stop to this practice, unfortunately.

Wallahu a'lam

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Monday, September 15, 2008

Wirid (continued) and Jama'ah (MM 6/9/08)

Munyatul Musolli 6th Sept 2008

After finishing the doa (Allahumma inni as-aluka muujiba…), Nabi (saw) used to recite the mu’awizatain (surahs al-Falaq and an-Naas).

[Specifically for Subuh and Maghrib, he recited this 3 times:

رَضِيتُ بِاللّٰهِ رَبَّاوَبِالإِسلامِ دِينَاوَبِمُحَمَّدٍ نَبِيَّا

Then this 3 times:

اللَّهُمَّ أَجِرنَا مِنَ النَّارِ

and this 3 times:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسأَلُكَ الجَنَّةَ

Next he said this 3 times:

أَعُوذُبِكَلِمَاتِ اللّٰهِ التّامَّاتِ مِن شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ

and this 3 times:

بِسمِ اللّٰهِ الَّذِي لاَ يَضُرُّ مَعَ اسْمِهِ شَيْءٌ فِي الأَرضِ وَلاَ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ العَلِيمُ

Next Rasulullah (saw) this 3 times:

اللَّهُمَّ اَنتَ رَبِي لاَ إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ اَنتَ خَلَقتَنِي وَ أَنا عَبدُكَ وَأَنا عَلَى عَهدِكَ وَوَعدِكَ مَااستَطَعتُ
أَعُوذُبِكَ مِن شَّرِّمَا صَنَعتُ أَبُوءُ بِنِعمَتِكَ عَلَى وأَبُوءُلَكَ بِذَنبِي
فَاغْفِرلِي فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَغفِرُالذُنُوبَ إِلاَّ أَنتَ

Extra Wirid After Solah
And it is appropriate for us to recite the following aurad due to their immense benefit.

[ This wirid would ensure the reciter a good ending at the time of death (husnul khatimah). Recite 3x after Subuh and Maghrib:

سُبحَانَ الدَّاءِمِ القَاءِمِ سُبحَانَ القَاءمِ الدَّاءِمِ
سُبحَانَ الحَيَّ القَيُّومِ سُبحَانَ اللّٰهِ العَظِيمِ وَ بِحَمدِهِ
سُبحَان المَلِكِ القُدُّوس سُبحَانَ رَبِّ المَلاَءِكَةِ وَالرُّوحِ

Recite 3x:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُبِكَ مِنَ المَكرِ وَالإِسْتِدْرَاجِ

[ And read 4 times “istighfar al-‘Arif al-Amjad as-Syed Syarif ‘Abdullah bin al-‘Alawi al-Haddad ‘alaihi minallahi tawalla wal-amdad” after Maghrib, again for husnul khatimah:

أَستَغفِرُاللَٰهَ العَظِيمَ الَّذِي لاَءِلٰهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الرَّحمَانُ الرَّحِيمُ
الحَيُّ القَيُّومُ الَّذِي لاَ يَمُوتُ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْهِ رَبِّ اغْفِرلِي


‘Arif al-Bakri said whoever recited this salawat once in his lifetime will be safeguarded from Hellfire, and guaranteed a husnul khatimah.

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ الفَاتِح لِمَا أُغلِقَ وَالخَاتِمِ لِمَاسَبَقَ
وَالنَّاصِرِالحَقَّ بِالحَقِّ وَالهَادِي إِلَى صِرَاطِكَ المُستَقِيمِ
صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحبِهِ حَقَّ قَدرِهِ وَمِقدَارِهِ العَظِيمِ

[ As written by Sidi Muhammad Ghausullah in “Jauhar” , a person reciting the following 70 times on the day of ‘Asyura,:

حَسبِيَ اللّٰهُ وَنِعمَ الوَكِيلُ نِعمَ المَولَى وَنِعمَ النَّصِيرُ

and followed by the following du’a 7 times, it is assured that he will not die that year. If he was predestined to die, then he would not be inspired to read it:

سُبحَانَ اللّٰهِ مِلءَ المِيزَانِ وَمُنتَهَى العِلمِ وَمَبلَغَ الرِّضَى وَزِنَةَ العَرشِ
لاَ مَلجَأ وَلاَمَنجَا مِنَ اللّٰهِ إِلاَّ إِلَيْهِ سُبحَانَ اللّٰهِ عَدَدَ الشَّفعِ وَالوِترِ
وَعَدَدَ كَلِمَاتِهِ التَّامَّاتِ كُلِّهَا أَسأَلُكَ السَّلاَمَةَ بِرَحمَتِكَ يَا أَرحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ
وَلاَحَولَ وَلاَقُوَّةَ إِلاَّبِاللّٰهِ العَلِيِّ العَظِيمِ وَهُوَ حَسبِي وَنِعمَ الوَكِيلُ
نِعمَ المَولَى وَنِعمَ النَّصِيرُ
وَصَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَى نَبِيِّنَا خَيرِ خَلقِهِ سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ وَصَحبِهِ أَجمَعِينَ


More wirid follows. In his risalah ‘Mujarabaat’, al-‘Arif billah Sidi as-Sanusi (may Allah benefit us with his barakah) said “whoever recite this du’a every day and night, he would not be wounded by an arrow or by a sword, would not be troubled by a foe, would feel no pain, and would not die. If it was his destiny to die, then Allah would make him forget to recite it”. The du’a is:

بِسمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ وَصَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ وَصَحبِهِ
وَسَلِّم تَسلِيمًا دَاءِمًا حَرَستُ نَفسِي وَأَهلِي وَمَالِي وَمَاحَضَرَنِي أَوْ غَابَ عَنِّي
بِالحَيِّ القَيُّومِ الَّذِي لاَيَمُوتُ وَأَلجَأْتُ ظَهرِي فِي حِفظِي ذٰلِكَ لِلحَيِّ القَيُّومِ
وَ أَصبَحتُ (وَأَمسَيْتُ) فِي جِوَرِاللّٰهِ الَّذِي لاَيُرَامُ وَلاَيُضَامُ وَلايُستَبَاحُ وَفِي
ذِمَّتِهِ وَضَمَانِهِ الَّذِي لاَيَخفِرُ ضَمَانَ عَبدِهِ وَاسْتَمسَكتُ بِالعُروَةِ الوُثقَى
رَبِّي وَرَبِّ كُلِّ شَيْءِوَرَبِّ السَّمٰوَاتِ وَالأَرضِ لاَإِلٰهَ إِلاَّهُوَ
فَاتَّخِذهُ وَكِيلاً تَوَكَّلتُ عَلَى اللّٰهِ وَاعتَصَمتُ بِاللّٰهِ
وَفَوَّضتُ أَمرِي إِلَى اللّٰهِ نِعمَ القَادِرُاللّٰهُ
فَاللّٰهُ خَيْرٌ حَافِظًاوَهُوَ أَرحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ
إِنَّ وَلِيَّيَ اللُّهُ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ الكِتَابَ وَهُوَ يَتَولَّى الصَّالِحِينَ
وَصَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ وَصَحبِهِ وَسَلِّم تَسلِيمًا
عَدَدَ خَلقِهِ وَرَضَاءَنَفسِهِ وَزِنَةَ عَرشِهِ وَدَوَامَ مُلكِهِ
وَمِدَادَ كَلِمَاتِهِ
٭ لَقَد جَاءَكُم رَسولٌ مِن أَنفُسِكُم عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ مَاعَنِتكُم
حَرِصٌ عَلَيْكُم بِالمُؤْمِنِينَ رَءُوفٌ رَحِيمٌ فَإِن تَوَلَّوا فَقُل حَسبِيَ
اللّٰهُ لاَإِلٰهَ إِلاَّهُوَ عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلتُ وَهُوَ رَبُّ العَرشِ العَظِيمِ

And repeat 7 times

٭ لَقَد جَاءَكُم

Virtues of Solah in a Congregation

It his highly encouraged to perform solah in a congregation (jama’ah). As mentioned in a hadith, solah in a jama’ah is rewarded 27 times better than solah performed alone. It is like investing in a business that yields exceptionally high return. What better is that the capital outlay is so cheap.

A person who takes jama’ah lightly is considered not serious with his religion. Some ulama consider solah in jama’ah is ‘fardu kifayah’, and skipping it intentionally warrants a severe punishment from the authority. Some ulama also say that a person who lives close to a masjid has no option but to perform solah with the jama’ah in the masjid.

Solah in a congregation is like water in a container. The larger the jama’ah, the larger quantity of water. If some impurity (najis) falls into it, the water would absorb away the foreign color or smell, and there’s no (noticeable) changes. Compare this to water in little container, small amount of najis already render the water unusable.

Satan also is stronger against a person praying alone. Since reward for your solah is directly proportional to degree of khusyu’, you don’t stand much chance to reap a 100% reward. In contrast, solah in jama’ah is always a perfect 10 regardless of how focused you are.

Commented Ustaz Zakaria:
  • “A’uzubikalimaatillaahi taammaat…” also recommended to be recited prior to takbiratul-ihram.
  • Salawat al-Fatih by ‘Arif al-Bakri should be recited daily.
  • Laqad jaa-akum to be recited 7 times in the morning, and 7 times afternoon. It is a multi-purpose ayah.
  • Allah will always help those who have established relationship with Him.
  • Ustaz Zakaria recites doa as-Sanusi daily. He has a “general” ijaza for own practice only.
  • In do’a as-Sanusi, say ‘asbahtu / amsaitu” as per time of the day (morning/afternoon respectively).
  • Imam Nawawi’s (rh) position on solah in jama’ah – Fardu Kifayah.

Wallahu a'lam

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Thursday, September 11, 2008

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Tuesday, September 9, 2008

Wirid After Solah (MM 31/8/08)

Munyatul Musolli 31st August 2008

Wirid After Solah

Among the sunnah activities after solah is wirid and do'a. Nabi (saw) after completing his solah would wipe his hand over his head and would recite:

بِسمِ اللّٰهِ الَّذِي لاَإِلٰهَ إِلاَّهُوَالرَّحمَنُ الرَّحِيمُ اللَّهُمَّ أَذهَب عَنَّي الهَمَّ وَالحَزَنَ

[ And specifically for Subuh or Maghrib, he next recite 10 times:

لاَإِلٰهَ إِلاَّاللّٰهُ وَحدهُ لاَشَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ المُلكُ وَلَهُ الحَمدُ يُحيِ وَيُمِيتُ وَهُوَعَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍقَدِيرٌ

Followed by 3 repetitions of:

أَستَغفِرُاللّٰهَ العَظِيمَ


أَللَّهُمَّ أَنتَ السَّلاَمُ ومِنكَ السَّلاَمُ فَحَيِّنَارَبَّنَا بِالسَّلاَمِ وَأَدخِلنَا لجَنَّةَدَارَالسَّلاَمِ تَبَارَكتَ يَا ذَالجَلالِ وَالإِكرَامِ

Then ayat al-Kursi and “Syahidallahu…” until the end.

Followed by:
33x Subhanallah ( سُبحَانَ اللّٰه )
33x Alhamdulillah ( أَلحَمدُلِلّٰهِ )
34x Allahuakbar ( أَللّٰهُ أَكبَرُ )

Followed by:

لاَإِلٰهَ إِلاَّاللّٰهُ وَحدهُ لاَشَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ المُلكُ وَلَهُ الحَمدُ يُحيِ وَيُمِيتُ وَهُوَعَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍقَدِيرٌ


أَللَّهُمَّ لاَمَنِعَ لِمَا أَعطَيْتَ وَلاَ مُعطِي لِمَا مَنَعتَ وَلاَ يَنفَعُ ذَالجَدِّ مِنكَ الجَدُّ

Then the do’a:

أَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسأَلُكَ مُوجِبَاتِ رَحمَتِكَ وَعَزَاءِمَ مَغفِرَتِكَ
وَالغَنِيمَةَ مِن كُلَّ بِرٍّ وَالسَّلاَمَةَمِن كُلِّ إِثْمٍ وَالفَوزُ بِالجَنَّةِ وَالنَّجَاةَمِنَ النَّارِ
أَللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرلَنَاوَارْحَمنا وَارْضَ عَنَّا وَتَقَبَّل مِنَّا وَأَدخِلنَاالجَنَّةَ وَنَجِّنَا مِنَ النَّارِوَأَصلِح لَنَا شَأْنَنَا كُلَّهُ
أَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسأَلُكَ الثَّيَاتَ فِي الأَمرِ وَالعَزِيمَةَ والرُّشدَ
وَأَسأَلُكَ شُكرَنِعمَتِكَ وَحُسنَ عِبَادَتِكَ وَلِسَانًا صَادِقًا وَقَلبًا سَلِيمًا
وَأَعُوذُبِكَ مِن شَرِّمَا تَعلَمُ وَأَستَغفِرُكَ مِمَّا نَعلَمُ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ عَلاَّمُ الغُيُوبِ
وَصَلّى اللّٰهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحبِهِ وسَلَّمَ
سُبحانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ العِزَّةِعَمَّا يَصِفُونَ وَسَلاَمٌ عَلَى المُرسَلِينَ وَالحَمدُللّٰهِ رَبِّالعالَمينَ.

Wallahu a'lam

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Monday, September 8, 2008

Sifats Ma’ani (RT 24/8/08)

Risalah Tauhid 24th August 2008

Sifats Ma’ani
Ma’ani comes from the word ma’na. In English, it stands for ‘meaning’ or ‘purpose’. Hearing is a purpose or meaning that comes out from the ear.

There are 7 sifats under this category: qudrah; iradah; ‘ilm; hayah; sama’; basor; kalam.
Each of the sifats is independently attributed to the being of Allah. They represent God’s power, will, knowledge, hearing, sight, and speech. They are ‘maujud fi zihin’ and ‘maujud fi kharij’ – perceptible to our intelligence, and perceptible to our senses.

Wallahu a'lam

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Friday, September 5, 2008

Easier to Read with RSS Reader

RSS Reader

I found it easier to read blogs of islaminus kind with an RSS Reader. Just launch it, and the blog will be delivered to you.

With RSS readers, slow internet connection won't spoil the fun. What more, you can rearrange the entries by date. Try listing the earlier entry at top - this makes it easy to follow the lesson. Human eyes scan for materials top to bottom, but blogs display latest entry at top.

I use Snarfer , but you have alternatives: Tristana, Feed Demon etc. All are free.

Install the RSS reader. Create new feed, and key in http://feeds.feedburner.com/Islaminus. It will download all previous islaminus entries, and you view them just like reading email. New entries will be delivered automatically.

To get going quickly without downloading, look for this logo on the right towards the bottom.

Just click on it. You'll see what it would look like on an RSS reader.

Allah knows best.

Wednesday, September 3, 2008

Pondok Hj Salleh Sik 29/8/08

Pondok Hj Salleh Sik, 29th August 2008

(Note: I went to the pondok not taking a pen with me. Translating this from poor memory, there isn't a lot to write.)
Ustaz Hj Salleh read 3 kitabs: Tafsir Nurul Ihsan, Kifayatul Muhtaj, and 'Aqidatun Najin. His son - Ustaz Muslim - read Bahrul Mazi.

Tafsir Nurul Ihsan (Haji Muhammad Sa'id bin Umar)

As we understand from Surah al-A'raf ayah 172:
Before we were born, Allah called upon our soul and we assembled in front of Him. He asked us: "Am I not your God?"

And we pledged: "Indeed you are". But later we grow up and break this oath.

Kifayat al-Muhtaj fi al-Isra'wa al-Mi'raj (Syaikh Daud al-Fathani)

On the night (Isra' and Mi'raj) that Nabi Muhammad (saw) was summoned by God, a buraq was dispatched as a mean of transport. Buraq is a horse-like animal, its size somewhere between a 'himar' and a 'baghal'.

The buraq was the same mount as had been used by Nabi Ibrahim (as) to travel between lands of Iraq, Syria, and Hijaz thousands years before.

The buraq covered large distance in single leap, while taking care to ensure comfort to its most noble passenger. Jibril (as) flew side by side with them.

They stopped by a hamlet full of date palms. After performing solah, Jibril told Nabi Muhammad (saw) that this place was called 'Yathrib', and he (Muhammad) was set to return to this place in the future.

'Aqidatun Najin (Tuan Minal)

Sifats Ma'ani are the following attributes of Allah:
Hayah, Qudrah, Iradah, 'Ilm, Sama’, Basor, Kalam.

Each of these 7 attributes "is not Him, but neither it is, other than Him". - لا هي هوا، ولا هي غيره

In explaining this, Ustaz Haji Salleh made this analogy:

A chili (pepper) has a color - green - in character (sifat). Yet green is not the being - not the chili itself. If you take away the 'green', the chili is still a chili. We conclude so because a chili is green when young, and becomes red once mature. A chili without the geen color is still a chili.

In a second example, let's consider a hot water. The sifat in question is 'hot', not the physical being of water itself. If it was, then the water would've diminished in quantity once it cools down.

Bahrul Mazi(Syeikh Muhammad Idris Merbawi)

There is a specific hadith that says there is no solah between 'Asr and Maghrib.

This prohibition is exempted (among all) for following solah:

  • Sunnah solah that is tied to a specific event or place (sun eclipse, tahiyyatul masjid etc).
  • Past obligatory/rawatib solah that need to be made up (qodo).
This prohibition also is relative to action, not relative to time. Say time for 'Asr is 4.30pm. Umar performs 'Asr in jama'ah exactly at 4.30. After he finishes, he is not allowed to do nawafil or sunnah solah until maghrib comes. On the other hand Zaid comes to the masjid later at 6.00, but he is still allowed to perform rawatib (sunnah) solah, then perform 'asr.

Wallahu a'lam