Wednesday, January 25, 2012

Hidayatus Salikin by al-Falimbani

Hidayatus Salikin was written in the 1700s by Sheikh Abdus Samad al-Falimbani (rh). This book was mainly adapted from Imam Ghazali’s (rh) Ihya’ Ulumiddin, discussing some elementary fiqh issues like solah with a tasawwuf flavor. Other issues discussed include manners, outward/inward sins, sifats mazmumah etc.

Sheikh al-Falimbani was born in Palembang in 116 AH (1704 AD). His father was a Yemeni - Sheikh Abdul Jalil bin Sheikh Abdul Wahhab bin Sheikh Ahmad Al-Mahdani, who had been appointed as a Kedah State Mufti. His mother, Radin Ranti was a Palembang native.

He studied Sufism of Sheikh Muhammad bin Samman al-Madani, and explored the mystical books of Shaykh Abdul Rauf Singkel and Samsuddin Al-Sumatera’i. Some of his other well-known sheikhs include Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Kurdi, Abd Al-Mun'im Al-Damanhuri, Ibrahim Al-Rais, Mohammed Murad, Muhammad Al-Jawhari, and Al-Mashri Athaullah. Al-Falimbani later became one of the most respected scholars in the Malay Archipelago.

Related to tasawuf Sheikh Al-Palembani took the middle path between the doctrine of Imam Al-Ghazali's mysticism and the teachings of 'wahdatul wujud’ of Ibn Arabi.

It is told that Sheikh Abdus Samad hated the Dutch tyrant who colonized Palembang so much, that he and his students fell trees and made their own ship to sail to Makkah.

Wallahu a'lam

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