Wednesday, July 30, 2008

Reason I’tidal, Prostrate, Sitting, Tasyahhud, Salam (MM 27/7/08)

Munyatul Musolli 27th July 2008

Raising yourself to the upright position saying:

سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ
Keeping in mind that Allah has forgiven those who say His name and obey Him.

Once firmly upright, say :
رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ
Reminding yourself that that all praise due to Him who has made it easy for you to stand before Him.

Then you stoop down for sujud. This action is a sign of surrender and acknowledge your inferioriority to Allah, who is all-superior and all-forgiving.

Sitting between sujuds
You raise from the first sujud and say:

رَبَّ اغْفِرْلِي وَارْحَمْنِي وَارْزُقْنِي وَاجْبُرْنِي وَعَافِنِي وَاعْفُ عنِّي
O Allah pardon all my wrongdoings, be merciful to this servant who is full of error. Bestow upon me your bounty, patch up my weakness. Guide me, make me healthy, and forgive me.

During tasyahhud, you recite:

أَلتَّحِيَّاتُ الْمُبَارَكَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ لِلَّهِ
Make it clear to yourself as if you’re saying this:
All glory to Allah, who presides over his dominion. He who owns the rights to be worshipped 5 times in a day. There’s no one else to be worshipped but Him.

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ
You attest this:
Peace conveyed to you O Rasulullah, just like how you conveyed the commands and guidance of Allah to your people. May Allah’s mercy and pleasure be blessed and guaranteed upon you and your family.

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ
You imagine this:
May Allah’s forgiveness conferred upon us and those before us (the prophets, the truthful ones, and those who follow their path until the day of resurrection).

أَشَّهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ
Make it firm in your heart:
We enslave to no one (in heavens or earth) but Allah, the only God there is.

وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
Affirm that:
Indeed Muhammad (saw) is the seal of all prophets (be it Nabi or Rasul), and he is the chosen one over all creations.

Next you present the salawat to Nabi Muhammad (saw), and pray that Allah give good tidings to you and to all faithful people.

Give Salam
You give salam once to the right, and another to the left. Make a resolve that you shall spare your fellow muslims from your evil intentions and and treachery.

Said Ustaz Zakaria:

  • Raising from ruku’, the imam (leader) says “Sami’Allahu-liman-hamidah” followed by “Rabbana-lakal-hamd”. The ma’mum (follower) should the same. If you blindly follow what people in certain part of the world do – only saying “Rabbana-lakal-hamd” alone, you’re liable for 3 errors:
    1. Error for not saying “Sami’Allah…”. Even if it doesn’t nullify your solah, it spoils it.
    2. Error for misplacing “Rabbana…”. It shouldn’t be said until you’re completely in the standing position.
    3. Error for saying “Rabbana…” out loud. Only “Sami’Allah…” should be said loudly.
  • This book states the 6 wau’s (“Rabbighfirli…”) to be recited during sitting between sujuds. However, we follow the more famous opinion of reciting 7 wau’s (“Rabbighfirli…warfa’ni…”).
  • Perform ablution (wudu’) before solah. There’re 6 obligatory elements of wudu’. As said by Tok Kenali, 4 of them “wet” (W) and 2 “dry” (D):
    1. State the niat (D)
    2. Wash the face (W)
    3. Wash both hands from the fingertips down to the elbow (W)
    4. Wipe some water to the head (W)
    5. Wash both feet from toe to the ankle (W)
    6. Follow the above sequence (1&2 together) until 5 (tertib) (D)
  • When calling out the azan, it is better to say “Alla-hu-akbar” instead of “Alla-ha-akbar”. “hu” is the stronger opinion (qaul rajih) of ulama, while “ha” is the weaker (qaul marjuh). Why follow the weak opinion when there’s a stronger one?
  • The more you send salawat to Rasulullah, the better for yourself.
  • Completing a first-class solah should prevent you from betraying fellow muslims.
  • With the first salam, you can get more reward if you accompany it with the intention to terminate the solah. Never state this intention before the first salam! – that would nullify the solah.
  • A big turnout at Surau Taman Anggerik the night before. But alas! Not to listen to Ustaz Zakaria’s lesson, but to listen to Anwar Ibrahim's (political) speech!

Wallahu a'lam

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